The Fundamentals Of Construction


Paul Martinka New York City has already had more traffic deaths with 37 days left in 2020 than it did in all of 2019. The city has seen 222 people killed in car crashes as of Sept. 24, the Department of Transportation said — two more than the 220 people killed in all of last year. And those stats don’t include the most recent causality — Alexander Ulloa-Toribio, 26, who was killed early Wednesday in a three-car crash that began when the tire blew out of a BMW SUV. Advocacy group Transportation Alternatives announced the news in a statement Wednesday calling on Mayor Bill de Blasio to “rescue” the city’s “Vision Zero” program, which is far off track from its original goal to hit zero road deaths by 2024. Two children killed after car crashes into Florida canal “These tragedies are the predictable and preventable outcome of defunding Vision Zero initiatives and prioritizing the movement of car traffic above human life,” Danny Harris, the group’s director, said in a statement, noting that this year’s increase in carnage has come despite fewer cars on the road. City Hall’s most recent budget — passed amid the city’s COVID-19 budget crisis — docked $18 million from bike lane and bus lane initiatives, which Harris said are key to safer streets. This year’s uptick in fatalities comes after the city hit all-time lows earlier in de Blasio’s tenure, which began in 2014. Motorcyclists and motor vehicle occupants account for the entirety of this year’s increase, Department of Transportation rep Alana Morales told The Post. City stats show 2020’s 91 pedestrian deaths are on pace to be the lowest on record, Morales said. “DOT is determined to continue utilizing our data driven approach in order to address the most crash prone locations and protect all road users,” she said in an email.


Urban water consumption will increase due to climate change, Concordia research shows Growing demand will put additional pressure on city like this planners and natural resources, even in water-rich Canada From left: Professors Samuel Li and Fariborz Haghighat, and master's student Niousha Rasi Faghihi. The world’s access to water has long been a constant challenge for municipal authorities as mass urbanization, climate change and now the COVID-19 pandemic constantly force cities to adapt to new demands on their networks. In a recent paper published in Sustainable Cities and Society , three Concordia researchers look at water consumption in one urban community – in this case, the Montreal off-island suburb of Brossard, Quebec – and how that consumption fluctuates seasonally. The researchers correlated daily water consumption data they obtained from the City of Longueuil, which administers Brossard, with daily air temperature readings from Trudeau International Airport and precipitation records. They benefitted from a large data set, spanning January 2011 to October 2015. Using Bayesian statistic techniques, they noted that outdoor water consumption was higher when temperatures were higher. They did not see any link between temperature and indoor water consumption (though they did notice an uptick in use on weekends compared to weekdays). “We found that when air temperature is above a certain value, water consumption goes up,” says Samuel Li , a professor in the Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Gina Cody School of Engineering and Computer Science . Li co-authored the paper with Masters student Niousha Rasi Faghihi and Fariborz Haghighat , professor and Tier 1 Concordia Research Chair in Energy and Environment. The researchers noted that Brossard’s average water consumption per capita is around 300 litres per day. “But in the summer months, when people are watering their gardens, lawns and flowers, that consumption can increase by as much as 65 per cent.” With the correlation between temperature and water use established, the researchers then asked what urban water consumption would be like around 2050.